At the State Department, a patriotic revolt, then a rallying cry


– State Department Foreign Service officers usually express their views in formal diplomatic cables, but these days they are using closed Facebook groups and encrypted apps to convey their pride in Marie Yovanovitch, the ousted ambassador to Ukraine, whose House testimony opened the floodgates on the impeachment inquiry into President Donald Trump.

#GoMasha is their rallying cry.

In private conversations, they trade admiring notes about career State Department officials such as William Taylor Jr. and George Kent, who delivered damning testimony about a shadow Ukraine policy infected by partisan politics and presidential conspiracy theories, and William Roebuck, a senior diplomat in Syria who wrote a searing memo on how Trump abandoned the Kurds and upended U.S. influence.

And they are opening their wallets to help raise money to offset the legal bills of department officials called to testify before Congress.

Rarely has the State Department, often seen as a staid pillar of the establishment, been the center of a revolt against a president and his top appointees. But as a parade of department officials has recounted to lawmakers how policy was hijacked by partisan politics, many career diplomats say they have been inspired by their colleagues’ willingness to stand up to far more powerful voices.

In fact, when open impeachment hearings begin this week, the first to testify will be diplomats, appearing despite directives from the White House for administration officials to defy Congress on such requests. They will include Yovanovitch, a revered diplomat whose abrupt recall in May under suspicious circumstances was a galvanizing moment for her colleagues.

“What we’ve seen is a dawning recognition that Foreign Service officers are just as deeply patriotic as their colleagues in the military,” said Molly Montgomery, who spent 14 years in the Foreign Service before leaving government last year after a stint in the office of Vice President Mike Pence. “There’s a feeling of immense pride that the public is seeing Foreign Service officers for who they are.”

But the uprising has come at a cost, deepening the divide between career diplomats and an administration that took office determined to cut their budget and diminish their influence. And in interviews over recent days, department officials acknowledged that this moment of team spirit would probably prove fleeting, and that the State Department would return to what current and former diplomats described as a crisis of morale.

A growing number of Foreign Service officers have opted to leave, many earlier than planned; one recent retirement class was by far the largest ever, according to the American Foreign Service Association.

Some of those who remain are shying away from plum policy jobs that in any other time would be considered a career boost. Instead, they are choosing to “hide out” in language training and other low-profile postings, hoping to avoid being tainted by the politics of the Trump administration — or even being noticed by officials watchful for dissenters.

“There’s outrage over the mistreatment of career officers and failure to stand up for them.” said William Burns, who served as an ambassador under four presidents. “There’s pride in the dignity of those officers in these undignified times, and in how vividly their plain-spoken courage and professionalism brings to life the wider value of public service.”

Burns added, “There’s growing concern about the hollowing out of American diplomacy and the huge challenge of its renewal.”

The competing feelings of pride and despair were evident in interviews with more than 20 current Foreign Service officers and State Department civil servants, as well as several more officials who recently departed after long careers on the diplomatic front lines. The current officials spoke on the condition of anonymity for fear of what they called potentially career-ending retaliation from Trump political appointees.

Like the military or the CIA, the State Department is its own separate culture and one that views the world in terms very different from Trump’s. As with the military, an immunity to domestic politics is among the Foreign Service’s most cherished ideals.

That is not to say that career diplomats have no opinions about the presidents and secretaries they serve, but career officials who have worked for presidents of both parties say they have seen nothing like the Trump era.

“I wake up and read the testimony and I’m proud of my colleagues for telling the truth,” said a U.S. diplomat serving in Asia. “But my heart hurts when I see how they’re being treated by our own president.”

One crucial difference with the military is the culture of dissent that is a point of pride in the State Department. The American Foreign Service Association even bestows multiple awards each year for diplomats who have shown “integrity, intellectual courage and constructive dissent,” and past secretaries of state have said they appreciate differing opinions.

But Trump and his allies have made clear that they see the diplomats crying foul over his Ukraine policy as “deep state” saboteurs.


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