John B. Sanfilippo & Son, Inc. (NASDAQ:JBSS) Q1 2021 Earnings Conference Call October 27, 2020 10:00 AM ET
Michael Valentine – Chief Financial Officer
Jeffrey Sanfilippo – Chairman, Chief Executive Officer
Jasper Sanfilippo – COO
Conference Call Participants
Chris McGinnis – Sidoti & Company
Tim Call – The Capital Management Corporation
Ladies and gentlemen, thank you for standing by and welcome to the John B. Sanfilippo & Son, Incorporated First Quarter Fiscal 2021 Operating Results Conference Call. At this time, all participant lines are in a listen-only mode. After the speakers’ presentation, there will be a question-and-answer session. [Operator Instructions]
I would now like to hand the conference over to your speaker today, Mr. Mike Valentine, CFO of John B. Sanfilippo & Son, Incorporated. Please go ahead, sir.
Thank you, Buena. Good morning everyone and welcome to our 2021 first quarter earnings conference call. Thank you for joining us today. On the call with me today are Jeffrey Sanfilippo, our CEO; and Jasper Sanfilippo, our COO.
Before we start, we want to alert you to the fact that we may make some forward-looking statements today. These statements are based on our current expectations and involve certain risks and uncertainties that are inherent in our business. The factors that could negatively impact results are explained in the various SEC filings that we have made including forms 10-K and 10-Q. We encourage you to refer to these filings to learn more about these risks and uncertainties that are inherent in our business.
Starting with the income statement. Net sales for the first quarter of fiscal 2021 declined by 3.5% to $210.3 million in comparison to $217.8 million for last year’s first quarter. The decline in net sales resulted from a 3.5% decline in sales volume, which we define as pounds sold to customers.
Sales volume increased in the consumer distribution channel by 3.8%, primarily from a 6.9% increase in private brand sales volume for trail and snack mixes, mixed nuts, cashews and peanuts, primarily at existing customers. The increase in sales volume for these products was partially offset by a decline in peanut butter sales volume due to a temporary peanut supply shortage that occurred during the current quarter. Increased sales of Fisher snack nuts also contributed to the sales volume increase in the consumer distribution channel.
Sales volume declined 27.7% in the commercial ingredients distribution channel due to a 40.9% decline in sales volume for almond, peanut, walnut, sunflower and pecan products in our food service business. The decline in food service sales volume was due to a decline in air travel and nationwide restrictions on occupancy rates in and closures of restaurants, both of which were attributable to COVID-19.
Sales volume in the contract packaging distribution channel decreased 12.2%, and that due to the unfavorable impact of lower convenience store foot traffic on one customer’s business, again, as a result of COVID-19 and the loss of peanut butter business with another customer due to the temporary peanut supply shortage I mentioned earlier.
Looking at sales volume for brands in our consumer channel. Sales volume for Fisher recipe nuts fell by 14.1% as a result of lost distribution at some customers, which was offset in part by increased sales with Internet retailers and increased sales with other existing customers in the grocery sector.
Sales volume for Orchard Valley Harvest declined by 16.1%, mainly from some lost distribution at one customer and reduced foot traffic at a major customer in the non-food sector as result of COVID-19. Fisher snack nuts sales volume increased by 12.6% due to increased promotional activity and distribution gains at new and existing customers for our Oven Roasted Never Fried product line.
Southern Style Nuts sales volume declined by 8.4% due to lower promotional activity at several customers, which was offset in part by distribution gains with new grocery customers and increased sales with Internet retailers.
Gross profit declined by 6.9% to $39.3 million in the first quarter of fiscal ’21 compared to $42.2 million in last year’s first quarter. Gross profit margin as a percentage of sales declined to 18.7% in the current quarter from 19.4% in the first quarter of fiscal 2020. The decline in gross profit dollars and gross profit margins were primarily due to the decline in sales volume that we talked about earlier.
Total operating expenses declined to 9.7% of net sales for the first quarter of fiscal ’21 from 10.6% for last year’s first quarter, and total operating expenses declined by $2.7 million. The decline in total operating expenses resulted mainly from reductions in advertising, compensation and consulting and expenses.
Interest expense in the current first quarter declined by $70,000 in the quarterly comparison due to a reduction in our weighted average interest rate. As a result of the above, net income was $4.8 million or $1.11 per share diluted for the first quarter of fiscal ’21, compared to $12.9 million or $1.12 per shared diluted for the first quarter of fiscal 2020.
Take a look at our inventory. Total value of inventories on hand at the end of the current first quarter declined $6.1 million or 3.9% compared to the total value of inventories on hand at the end of the first quarter of fiscal 2020. The decline in total inventory value was primarily attributable to lower quantities of farmer stock peanuts and shelled pecans and shelled walnuts on hand. Lower acquisition costs for almonds and cashews also contributed to the decline in total inventory value.
The weighted average cost per pound of raw nut and dried fruit input stocks on hand at the end of the first quarter of fiscal 2021 increased by 7.8% compared to the weighted average cost at the end of the first quarter of fiscal 2020. This increase was mainly attributable to a shift in product mix from lower priced farmer stock peanuts to higher price inshell pecans.
I will now turn the call over to Jeff Sanfilippo, our CEO, who will provide additional comments on our operating results for the first quarter of fiscal 2021. Jeffrey?
Thank you, Mike. Good morning, everyone. The first quarter of fiscal 2021 net income and diluted earnings per share nearly equaled the record results we reported in last year’s first quarter, despite COVID-19 related challenges in our food service business.
We also continued our goal of returning profits to our stockholders by increasing our regular annual dividend by 8.3% to $0.65 per share. And we supplemented that with a special dividend of a $1.85 per share, both of which were paid in the first quarter of fiscal 2021.
It takes a talented group of dedicated individuals across an entire organization to deliver consistent strong results as we have done here at JBSS, especially during these unprecedented times we face as a business, as a country and as a world in the midst of a pandemic. I am proud of every person in our company whose leadership and commitment to providing outstanding quality, service and value to our customers and consumers is unwavering.
There are significant changes to industry trends as consumer preferences shift to shopping and smaller store formats like grocery and shifting to e-commerce purchasing. With restaurant closures and other limitations due to the impact of COVID-19, consumers are also doing more cooking and baking at home, which has had a positive impact on certain aspects of our consumer business, but a negative impact on our food service business.
The JBSS’s business model puts us in a strong position to follow shifts in consumption and demand wherever they go between our consumer, commercial ingredient and contract manufacturing channels. We expect to redirect our promotional and advertising activity with respect to our brands to focus on more digital and e-commerce platforms to match consumer behavior.
We continue to see strong e-commerce and grocery performance across our Orchard Valley Harvest and Fisher recipe brands and expect that there will be additional opportunities to connect these brands to consumers desires for more functional snacking and baking and cooking ideas, respectively.
Sales volume continues to grow in our consumer distribution channel, primarily from distribution gains for private brand products and Fisher snack nuts. The consumer channel accounted for approximately 75.8% of total sales volume in the current fiscal quarter, which demonstrates a significant change in our total business channel performance.
The company continues to face distribution challenges with our Fisher recipe brand at several retailers due to branded and private brand competition for shelf space. The sales and marketing teams are focused on enhancing retail programs for this holiday season with key customers where we have strong distribution to offset volume declines due to the areas we lost distribution. We believe our holiday promotional and merchandising programs are very competitive and will allow Fisher to compete effectively in the coming months.
As mentioned, our food service business has been impacted negatively as a result of COVID-19, particularly with respect to the air travel and restaurant industries as Mike referenced. However, we have observed some improvement in this business as a sales volume decline in this channel has slowed since the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020.
It is an unpredictable demand scenario with States handling restaurant capacity guidelines, depending on positivity rates from the virus in different ways across the country. Nevertheless, our food service and operation teams are adjusting rapidly to market conditions as they pursue and build new business opportunities across the country. And along with our major food service customers, we believe that when consumers are ready and allow to reengage with restaurants, consumer demand for food prepared away from home should increase.
Good news on the supply side of nuts. As we enter the harvest season, our procurement teams have seen acquisition costs for walnuts and almonds decrease for the 2020 crop year, which falls into the current 2021 fiscal year. Peanut prices are relatively flat versus last year.
The pecan harvest has just begun, so we do not have visibility yet on how prices will compare to last year, but we expect acquisition costs to decline or remain stable for all other major tree nuts. And we believe our inventory positions are well aligned with our commitments and sewing prices going into this busy holiday season. The purchasing teams have worked closely with our domestic and global suppliers to source and maintain a consistent supply of raw materials, ingredients, and packaging.
Now let’s turn to category updates in the snack, recipe and produce segments. I will share some of the category and brand results with you for the quarter. As always, all the market information I will be referring to is IRi reported data. And for today, it is for the period ending September 20, 2020. When I refer to Q1, I’m referring to 13 weeks of the quarter ending September 20th. References to changes in volume or price are versus the corresponding period one year-ago.
We look at the category and IRi’s total U.S definition, which includes food, drug, mass, Walmart, military, and other outlets, unless otherwise specified. And when we discuss pricing, we are referring to average price per pound. Breakouts of the recipe, snack and produce nut categories are based on our custom definitions developed in conjunction with IRi. The term velocity refers to the sales per point of distribution.
As has been mentioned, COVID-19 had positive and negative impacts upon our results for the first quarter of fiscal 2021. We saw strong evidence of a shift in consumer preferences to shop in smaller store formats like grocery and online. Growth in private-label and moves to larger value sizes continue to drive category volume increases.
The total nut category grew in both sales and dollar — sales dollars and pounds volume by 6% and 5%, respectively in Q1. This was in line with the growth rate we saw in Q4 and ahead of the category growth rate last year at this time. Overall prices for the quarter were flat versus the prior year.
Now I will cover each category in more depth, starting with recipe nuts. Based on IRi total U.S multi outlet market data, consumers continue to do much more cooking and baking at home with the entire baking aisle category sales increasing by 22%. This is down from the previous quarter high of 49%, but still significantly above last year. This changing consumer behavior is driving strong recipe nut category growth. In Q1, the category increased 16% in dollar sales and 13% in pound volume sales.
Despite strong category growth, our overall Fisher brand continues to be challenged by a decline in on-shelf placement with two key retailers. Our Fisher recipe nuts decreased 13% in dollar sales and 16% in pound sales for the quarter versus last year. As a result, Fisher share in the category decreased four tenths of a point — pound share points versus last year.
The decline in pound volume at a major customer in the mass merchandiser sector was offset in large part by pound volume gains in grocery. In traditional grocery, which IRi calls the U.S. food channel, Fisher recipe actually increased 10% in pound volume. Fisher continues to be the branded share leader in the recipe category when using the broader multi outlet definition or within the U.S. food channel.
Now let me turn to the snack category. In Q1, the snack category increased 6% in dollar sales and 9% in pound sales. Fisher snack outperformed the category increasing 15% in sales dollars and 18% in pound sales volume in Q1, driven by an increase in total points of distribution and velocity. This growth was primarily driven by the Fisher Oven Roast Never Fried line, which continued to expand beyond the core Fisher geography and increased pound sales by 106%.
Pound velocity and total points of distribution increased by 43% and 33%, respectively versus last year. Pound volume for our Southern Style Nuts brand at retail decreased by 2% in the quarter due to losing distribution on some flavors at a key customer. This was partially offset by growth in the club channel. Pound volume for the total trail and snack mix category decreased by 3% in the quarterly comparison. In Q1, the produce nut category increased 7% in dollar sales and was flat in pound volume sales.
Orchard Valley Harvest, our produce brand, decreased 27% in pound sales resulting in a pound share decline of six tenths of a point versus last year. The volume decline was due to lost distribution at a major customer in the mass merchandisers sector. Within traditional grocery, OVH was down 5% in dollars and declined 5.9% in pound sales.
In closing, we will continue to face volatility in our fiscal 2021 as a result of COVID-19 and the uncertainty of future local, state and federal restrictions aim to mitigate and control the pandemic. However, I am confident we have the people, the processes, the brands, the expertise, and the financial strength in place to be flexible and successfully navigate our company through these volatile times and to continue to grow our business.
Success requires smart strategies and the right business model for sustainable growth, and we have them here at JBSS. We will continue to maintain a competitive advantage to be differentiated and to be an innovative and valuable partner. The management team and all our dedicated employees have a steadfast commitment to develop business plans that create shareholder value and provide relevant profitable, value added products and services to our customers and consumers.
We appreciate your participation in the call and thank you for your interest in our company. I will now turn the call back over to Mike.
Thank you, Jeffrey. At this time, we will open the call to questions. Buena, would you please queue up the first question?
Yes, sir. [Operator Instructions] Your first question is from the line of Chris McGinnis from the Sidoti & Company. Your line is now open.
Good morning. Thanks for taking my questions. Nice quarter. I was wondering, if you could just start off maybe — just any notable changes from the beginning of the quarter to the end of the quarter, and maybe playing out in an early October in just across the three kind of segments. I know there’s a lot of moving pieces between the brands and everything, but can you just maybe talk about that cadence that you’ve seen, how it unfold for the last quarter and maybe where it’s [indiscernible]?
Sure. Hey, Chris, this is Jeffrey. So if you look at the — looking at by channels, consumer channel, we continue to see growth there, a shift in people eating out and cooking and snacking at home. So we continue to see that going into through Q1 and now into Q2. And I don’t anticipate that’s going to change with just the situation the country is in today. I think people are going to still be reluctant to go out, to eat as much, and they’re going to stay home and cook at home. And so I think we’ll see strong growth in the consumer channel, both in snacking and especially in recipe nuts. The shift in e-commerce is also something that’s continued from first quarter into second quarter. And I — again, don’t anticipate that to change either. People have become accustomed to buying and shopping online and they liked the convenience of it and the safety of it. And so I think you’re going to continue to see e-commerce grow. That’s why we’re reallocating some of our investments and marketing and sales support to the e-commerce channel.
The commercial ingredient channel, although we have seen some positive momentum there. It’s still not where it was a year ago, and I don’t anticipate that happening, really till the next couple quarters until we get a better handle on what’s happening in the country. The positive side is we have seen some improvement. I think you’re seeing people feeling a little bit more comfortable going back to restaurants and when they are open, you’re seeing some decent turnout there. But it is a challenge. And so our teams in the food service channel are looking at other opportunities outside of just restaurants to build distribution and they’re focused heavily on that.
And then the contract manufacturing channel, really the largest customer in that channel, their biggest piece of business is mainly convenience stores. And we still have not seen a return to the traffic in convenience stores. So as a result, we’ve seen continued declines in the contract packaging channel.
And I can add to what Jeffrey said, Chris. In respect to private-label snack nuts, that was — that growth rate was pretty steady throughout the quarter. In respect to food service, we saw an improvement from a 43% year-over-year decline to about a — finished up the quarter with about a 40% year-over-year decline. So made a little progress there. And then on contract packaging, we also saw some improvement as we progress through the quarter especially in respect to the customer Jeff referenced earlier.
That’s very helpful. I appreciate that. It seems like things are starting to open up a little bit, so that should help, especially on that contract side, start to open up here. I guess just in terms of your expectations around the holiday season, any notable, maybe potential gains in customers there, just how do you — feels like given the strength that you’ve seen with the consumer staying at home, it should be a really good season. How are you changing maybe any go-to-market strategies there, or any opportunities to, again, win customers there? Thanks.
Sure. Yes, so we’re in a really strong position, especially on Fisher recipe, where we have distribution with strong retailers across the country. We’ve got very competitive prices this year. We’ve got strong promotional activity, the sales and marketing teams are pursued. So I believe we’re in a very strong position to take advantage of that increase in cooking at home with the distribution in this setup, we have. E-commerce is another area where there’s great opportunities. And so we’ve really got our brands, both recipe and snack well positioned in e-commerce to take advantage of a holiday spike. And I think you’ll see some, you will see travel, obviously, Thanksgiving and Christmas huge travel times. I don’t think it will be where it was last year, but I think you’ll see a pickup where it should have some positive impact in the food service channel.
Plus we picked up some merchandising space at that one customer where we didn’t have that last year. So …
Okay. And just thinking about, I guess, just around Orchard Valley, it sounds like it’s just that one non-food customer. As the economy just started opening, stores are starting to open. Are you seeing that change? Do you expect that brand that starts to kind of rebound as the economy is open? What it takes for that non-food customer start to order again?
Yes, so they are opening more stores. It’s pretty consistent. It’s just a matter of getting that traffic to come back to the stores. So they are open. We’ve got the distribution as we had last year. So I’m optimistic that you’re going to start to see more traffic come through that non-food retailer where we’ve got the OVH distribution, especially this time of year for the holiday season.
Great. And then, just can you just talk around just that peanuts — peanut butter supply issue that you talked about? How much in sales is that? Was that — I mean, you mentioned it in the release, so I’m just wondering, how much of a pressure that was in the quarter?
Yes, I think our total peanut butter sales volume was down, roughly about a million pounds in the year — in the quarterly comparison.
But the optimism — that the good news is that the peanut supply is coming back and we don’t anticipate that change coming in the coming year.
Yes. We’re [indiscernible]. We’re going to see the second largest crop in history we believe. So we feel pretty good about our peanut supply going forward.
Okay. And I guess just — you spent some time talking about acquisition costs. How does — how do you see that playing out with the margin profile for the remainder of the year on the gross margin side? And then I could [indiscernible] jump to the operating margin after that operating expense after that. Thanks.
Okay. So as Jeff mentioned, both almonds and walnuts are down pretty significantly year-over-year. So that generally leads to improved gross profit margins. The big challenges is to maintain the gross profit per pound in our pricing. And when they get as low as they’re getting that becomes difficult to do. So you need to be able to get those gross profit dollars. We’re going to need some volume increases, especially on those two nuts.
And Chris, one of the good things is we’re able to hit price points that we haven’t seen in quite a few years in a lot of these heavy volume commodities. And so that’s exciting going into this holiday season.
Great. So you might be able to offset that with some volume growth, obviously kind of around that. And what’s driving the decline in the acquisition? Is it COVID related or is it just the amount of supply that’s coming on market over this year?
Go on, Jeff.
It is a combination of both. I mean, we’ve got some record crops of almonds Walnut crop is huge this year. Pecan crop is extremely strong. There’ve been some negative impact from a demand perspective part of its trade situations, part of it is just the lack of travel around the world which has impacted consumption as well.
And then just I think last question for me just around the operating expenses, obviously, great job on controlling that. But how sustainable is that? And I guess as you start to reallocate your spending, how do you see that play out over the coming quarters?
Well, why don’t you talk about advertising?
Yes, from a marketing and trade spend perspective, as I mentioned, we’re going to shift more resources towards e-commerce, digital marketing and really expanding our reach in e-commerce. But also there’s opportunities from a brand building in launching new innovative items. I’ve talked in the past about our club store strategy and how that is important to the company. And we have not been as successful as I’d hoped up until now, but we’ve got new members of a talented team in place that are really laser-focused on re-romancing, rebuilding our brands, our positioning, our engagement with consumers. So you’re going to see a lot more investment go towards our brands and where we market them.
Right. Now I’ll talk a little bit about compensation, Chris. It’s a few things driving at. First, our incentive compensation expenses down a bit compared to last year. Remember, last year we got off to a great start and we’re generating a lot of EVA improvement. So we were accruing for higher bonus expenses in the first half of last year than we have this year. The other area where we’ve seen a decline in compensation related expenses is with medical insurance expense. And I’m sure you’ve read about this. Employees are not going to the doctor as much as they typically do. And — so that’s being reflected in that line. And then the last one consulting, we actually had a big project last year in the first quarter to retune our strategic plan. We also had some consulting expenses related to an acquisition that did not occur. And that’s what drove that favorable comparison this quarter.
Okay. And I apologize. Just one more question. There seems to be a notable increase in advertising around nuts, and I’ve got this question from a number of investors. Is this something — are you seeing that as well? Just kind of given the stronger demand with the stay-at-home, are you seeing that kind of levels increase maybe from some of your customers in terms of trying to go out and market more?
You’re — actually, you’re seeing that from a combination of places. One, the trade associations are doing a great job in increasing the investment they’re making in marketing and expanding demand for the almond industry, the pecan industry, the Walnut industry, really all have stepped up to promote the consumption of nuts and the usage of nuts. The brands are stepping up as well. We’ve seen that recently and as we are as well. So I think it’s just a — it’s a combination of people looking at the opportunities and the stay-at-home and the snacking at home demand change. And so they’re pursuing that, but also just the fact that we’ve got such large crops coming on, we’ve got to find new valuable homes for such huge supplies, so that — so you’re seeing that investment as well.
Okay. And can you just talk a little bit about the competitive environment. Then I will jump back in the queue.
Sure. So obviously private brand is extremely strong. We’ve seen a shift in private brand growth, really across almost every channel or category. And so you’re seeing that growth, the brands [indiscernible] competitive — competition on the private brands supply side. But the brands are stepping up as well, investing a lot more in their categories than we’ve seen in quite a while. And so you’re seeing, as we’ve talked about we’ve lost some distribution in our Fisher recipe customer base due to some competitive pricing and competitive offers. But at the same time, it’s an exciting time for the business. There’s so many opportunities across multiple channels as we follow these shifts in demand around the country.
Okay. Thank you very much for your time today and good luck in Q2.
Your next question is from Tim Call of Capital Management. Your line is now open.
Was this the first quarter where the consumer distribution was over 75% of your sales?
Yes, I think it was Tim. I was going to mention that. I didn’t — I don’t have a final record, but I believe it’s probably the highest percent of the total business ever over 75%.
I will agree with that.
So good catch.
It was a challenging quarter, but you had near record sales and rec — near record earnings. It appears that you have excess capacity in each of your divisions. Is that the case?
Do you want to cover that, Jasper?
Yes. Tim, this is Jasper. I would say on the consumer piece, particularly with the growth that we’ve seen, we do get a little challenged on capacity, but come January 4th that capacity opens up again just due to the nature of our business. Obviously, we’re looking at CapEx to continue to support the consumer growth. We certainly have capacity to handle additional food service business as typically those pack styles are a bit different. So I would say overall for sure on food service, but we’re making adjustments to continue to add capacity on our consumer side.
Terrific. Thank you.
At this time, I would like to turn it back to Mr. Mike for any further comments.
Hey, thank you, Buena. Again, thank you everyone for your interest in JBSS. This concludes the call for our first quarter of fiscal 2021 operating results. Have a good day.
Ladies and gentlemen, this concludes today’s conference call. Thank you for participating. You may now disconnect.